Different Types Of Drones

 

Apart from individual design and features available (such as camera, GPS, etc), there are various core differences that set Drones apart from each other.

 

What are the Different Types of Drones Available?

 

Yuneec_Typhoon_H

In general, there are 4 main differences that set Drones apart from each other;

 

  1. Number of Rotors
  2. Frame Type
  3. Size (ie Nano, Mini, Small, Medium and Large)
  4. Product Stage (RTF, BNF, PNP, ARF)

 

For someone new to buying and flying a Drone, having an understanding of the different types available and some of the basic terminology will help you make a more informed choice and pick the one that is perfect for you.

 

A Drone By Any Other Name

 

For anyone who isn’t aware, a Drone is also known as an “Unmanned Aerial Vehicle” which is shortened to UAV and you will see this a lot as you get more involved in the Drone communities.

 

In addition, you will also see the following;

 

  • UASUnmanned Aerial System
  • RPAS Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems
  • RC Drones – this just simply means Remote Controlled.

 

Check our differences between UAV, UAS, Drone and Quadcopter post for a straightforward overview on this topic.

 

Also in case you are wondering, the main difference between a Drone and a missile is the Drone is designed to return to the pilot after its journey and will be reused many times, whereas a missile will only be used once.

 

Whilst Drones have a variety of uses, it ultimately comes down to Military, Commercial and Hobbyist/Recreational. We focus solely on the Hobbyist/Recreational area in this article.

 

How Many Do You Need?
Qav250 Quadcopter

Whilst there are fixed wing Drones available (these look like traditional airplanes), the most popular and mainstream Drones are multi-rotors. 

 

Here’s the list; 

 

  • Single Rotor
  • Tricopter – 3 Rotors
  • Quadcopter – 4 Rotors
  • Hexacopter – 6 Rotors
  • Octocopter – 8 Rotors

 

Quadcopters tend to be the most popular by far.

 

Anything above this would tend to be more expensive and probably for professional use. 

 

What’s In A Frame…

 

There are a wide variety of frames available depending on what you want to use your Drone for and the number of rotors you have.

 

Frames for Quadcopters tend to come in either X or H design and can be down to preference, although the H frame is more suited to FPV Racing.

 

Mines Bigger Than Yours…

 

Drones come in all different shapes and colors.

 

pexels-photo-176056

 

They also come in different sizes;

 

  • Nano / Micro – Extremely small Drone
  • Mini – Small enough to fit in the palm of your hand
  • Small – Normal for beginners, usually small enough so no need to register and can support camera and additional features
  • Medium – More expensive and professional with more features – will need registration
  • Large – Used for professional work 

 

Know What You Are Getting

 

Drones are further categorized in the following terms;

 

Ready To Fly (RTF)

This is the complete package with no need to buy and additional equipment or accessories – basically you are ready to set up and go!

 

For beginners, this is normally the most popular and safest option to start.

 

Bind And Fly (BNF)

This is usually only the Drone itself and importantly does not come with a controller.

 

You would be expected to already have a controller that is compatible or alternatively buy one separately, and then Bind (connect) the Drone to that controller.

 

The key here is making absolutely sure the controller will work with the Drone being bought, so if in doubt always seek advice beforehand.

 

This choice is usually for more experienced Drone operators who still want to buy a completed Drone unit without worrying about assembling the vehicle unit.

 

Plug And Play (PNP)

This is where the quadcopter is pre-built but doesn’t have a receiver, battery, charger, or transmitter.

 

Some work is needed to install the receiver into the Drone before you can fly.

 

Almost Ready to Fly (ARF)

This is where it gets a bit more serious !!

 

These are normally in kit form and will require some assembly.

 

Be aware that not all components needed may also be included (sometimes things like motors, transmitters, receivers, etc) so it’s very important you understand what you are buying and review the list of components included in the package.

 

This is usually for the hobbyist who likes to build their machines as well as fly them.

 

As you can see it’s important you know what you are buying as you don’t want to end up with bits missing !!

 

We hope you found this introduction interesting and useful, and feel free to check out some of our Drone Reviews.

 

If you have any further questions please review our site resources further or feel free to leave a comment or ask us a question.

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4 Comments

  1. This is an excellent guide on commercial drones. Will definitely be very helpful to people who are very new to the world of UAVs. It’s good that you have broken down drones into various categories.

    I have always assumed that drones come pre-built, and you can’t assemble it yourself. Being able to put it together on your own sounds fun. Is it very difficult for a beginner to do this? Or should they just buy the RTF package?

    1. Hi Farhan,

      Thanks for your comments. Yes there are very low cost starter kits available so you can assemble if you want, even if you are new to UAVs. It really depends on your preference, if you really like building things then a kit is the way to go, but a lot of people just want to start flying as quick as possible so RTF for this reason is most popular with beginners.

      All the best, Nigel

  2. Great drone guide! It sums up every important aspect of drone types. I think my next drone will be one with real-time camera and VR goggles or something – FPV. It’s interesting to see what kind of cool product that will come next year.

    A bit off topic, but I work in the oil industry myself, and we use a lot of “underwater drones2. 🙂 We have ROV’s (Remotely Operated Vehicle with umbilical) and AUV’s (Autonomy Underwater Vehicle without umbilical).

    Andreas

    1. Hi Andreas,

      Thanks for your comments and yes will be great to see what cool new products are coming next ! It’s interesting you mention underwater drones, I know they are being used commercially, but wouldn’t be surprised to see more development on the recreational side of this too.

      Thanks again and best wishes, Nigel

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